Coffee and Chocolate – Can We Help Developing Country Farmers through Geographical Indications?
This comprehensive study authored by Cardozo Law Professor Justin Hughes explores the potential use of geographical indications (GIs) for promoting the coffee and chocolate trade in developing countries. Geographic indications are a special form of intellectual property rights in which the product’s markings or labels identify the good as being from a certain region, thereby having certain qualities or characteristics that are attributable to that region by reputation.
Within the backdrop of the homogenization and commodification of food products that had occured during the Nineteenth Century and Twentieth Century, the study stresses how domestic laws for the protection of GI are needed as a prerequisite to successful GI-based marketing, and it includes a list of recommended steps for strengthening legal protections for GIs and suggestions for how to build GI reputations.
Prior to the study there had been little if any discussion as to how GI-based marketing could help developing countires grow their economies.
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